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May 10, 2019

Panchayati Raj PDFfile

At the time of India's independence, about 90 percent of the people lived in villages and 70 to 80 percent of the people were illiterate. The main business and economy was farming. 

The planning commission was necessary for overall and balanced development of India and in 1950, Planning Commission was constituted. According to the women we saw, the village was self sufficient for its needs from the moment of its existence to the time of India's independence. In India there were two types of different types of rural and urban cultures. Cities were dependent on rural culture because the basic necessities like food, fortune, contribution, milk, were all the basic necessities of the village, whereas in front of the cities there was no fundamental requirement that they needed the villagers. Thus the village was one type of autonomous unit.
Panchayati-Raj Committee
India's first five-year plan begins. 1951, in which agriculture was given priority which points to the Indian economy being farm-based and rural. Another five year plan in India is known as Mahalanobis scheme. It was started in the year 1956 and it was given priority to heavy industries. During the discussion of the 1956- 57 budget, a committee was constituted under the chairmanship of Home Minister Govindvallabh Pant to provide funding and revenue expenditure.
Various committees were constituted for the study of various aspects of the scheme by Govindvallabh Pant Committee, in which one committee was "Gram Vikas by Community Development and National Expansion", which was chaired by Mr. Balwantrao Mehta. The Mehta committee submitted its report in 1957 and made some recommendations, the most important of which was the recommendation "The creation of the three-tier panchayat", hence the committee is also known as Panchayati Raj Committee.

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